Preparatory actions





A.1: Inventory and mapping of the localities of the targeted habitat type


The first preparatory action focuses on carrying out an inventory of the localities of the targeted habitat type 9560* at Akamas, Troodos and Madari areas, determining the exact boundaries of the targeted habitat in the field and mapping of the habitat types that occur in these areas.
The implementation of Action A.1 will include:

  1. Gathering historical information about the habitat
  2. Conducting a survey to accurately identify and determine the habitat boundaries, and map the targeted habitat in all locations.

Expected results:

  • A web based database will be created, which will include:

- Literature on the targeted areas/habitat.

- Baseline data on the locations and size of populations of the targeted habitat type   (Action A.2).

- Information gathered by personal contacts, local authorities and experts on the flora of Cyprus.

  • Four 1:500 and four 1:20.000 colour maps, both in electronic and printed format with the exact boundaries of the distribution of the targeted priority habitat type 9560*, the population distribution of the Juniperus spp. trees, as well as data on other important species occurring in the sites.
  • Updated SDFs for the respective sites.

 DF is in charge of this Action.




A.2: Composition and structure of Juniperus populations


The purpose of this action is to quantitatively determine and describe the population composition and structure of the typical species of habitat type 9560*, Juniperus excelsa, J. foetidissima, J. oxycedrus and J. phoenicea in the selected sites of the project. Furthermore, it will determine and describe the composition, the structure, and the ecological processes of Juniper woodland communities at all sites.

Surveys will be conducted during the first year of the project, where:

  1. The collected data will include population size (number of juniper individuals, including seedlings and saplings), age structure and sex ratio.
  2. The reproductive effort of the female Juniper (fruits and seeds per tree) will be measured and the regeneration potential (density of germinable seeds per surface unit) will be estimated. Seedling and sapling survival will be assessed in the field.
  3. The already known fruit consumption by an insect (most possibly Lepidoptera) in J. foetidissima will be investigated with the support of an external expert (entomologist) in order to develop sound management measures (Action C.4).
  4. Reference plots within each site will be delineated based on environmental features (topography and elevation).
  5. Investigation of the presence and impacts of any invasive species will be carried out so that relevant mitigation activities can be developed (in Action C.5).
  6. Soils and geology will be documented from maps and, where necessary, verified and qualitatively described in the field. All reference plots will be georeferenced using global positioning system and topographic maps.

Expected results:

  • A Report on population structure will be produced for each site
  • A plan for the sustainable control of the predator to be implemented in Action C4.

FU is in charge of this Action. 




A.3: Preparation of Habitat Monitoring Plans.


The aim of this action is to develop integrated plans for the monitoring of the targeted priority habitat type within the three sites.

More specifically, technical documents will be prepared which will include:

  • The development of specific monitoring objectives.
  • The selection of the proper qualitative and quantitative variables and methods.
  • The communication with the local stakeholders (Authorities and communities), which will facilitate the implementation of future management measures and therefore the achievement of management objectives.
  • The site quality assessment, which will be based on the evaluation of the target habitat and the keystone species including ecological conditions, floristics and vegetation composition and structure during the year, extent of the habitat, abiotic conditions, threat, etc.

Importantly, there are no standardized monitoring methods/ protocols to monitor Juniperus spp. habitats, neither appropriate baseline data available for the sites on which to base the effectiveness evaluation strategy. Therefore, this action proposes a review of existing generic monitoring protocols and the subsequent establishment of habitat specific monitoring protocols.


Expected results:

  • Three Monitoring Plans (one for each site), which will cover all locations where targeted habitat type exists. The Plans will include monitoring protocols to evaluate the habitat status and the impact of the identified threats.

OUC is in responsible for this action. 




A.4: Preparation of Habitat Management Plans


The aim of this Action is to develop complete and integrated Management Plans comprising of in situ and ex situ conservation measures for the priority habitat in all sites. The Management Plans will be based on the information gathered during the actions described above (Actions A.1 to A.3), and especially the data about the habitat, distribution, ecology, biology, population dynamics and assessment of the threats for the priority habitat. The Management Plans will consist of two sections, the Descriptive Part and the Prescriptive Part, which are described below:

  • The Descriptive Part will focus on the description of the existing situation in the site (ownership, abiotic and biotic factors, management, land users, threats, etc.).
  • The Prescriptive Part will describe the actions foreseen in the Plan to be carried out over the next three years.

Great effort will be made to involve local people in the development of the Management Plans by soliciting their input, knowledge and experiences. The Management Plans will be officially validated by the Stakeholders Committee of the project, in which all the competent authorities of Cyprus and the local authorities will be represented.

The experiences gained from other relevant LIFE-Nature projects will facilitate the particular action. Further, members of the Scientific Committee will also contribute to this action as external consultants because of their significant expertise in the field.


Expected results:

  • Three Management Plans (one for each site), focusing on measurable indicators, standards, desired state, threshold value and the favourable status that we are striving to achieve for each site.

DF is in responsible for implementing this action.








A.5: Visitor impact assessment


The purpose of this action is to undertake a visitor impact assessment in order to ensure the effective implementation of visitor management actions. The action will be carried out at all sites during one calendar year, following the project onset.

  1. The visitor impact assessments will determine: (i) the types of visitors, (ii) its intensity (spatial and temporal distribution) and (iii) extent of visitor impacts and their influential factors. More specifically, this action will carry outfield observations to record use patterns (e.g. trails, camping locations, hotspots, etc) and impacts (e.g. signs of trampling, vegetation damage, littering etc).
  2. At the same time, on site visitor surveys (questionnaire based) will be carried out at each site to establish levels of environmental awareness regarding habitat sensitivity, motivations of visit and activities undertaken whilst on site.
  3. The results of the Visitors Impact Assessment as well as the appropriate location for proposed visitor management concrete actions will be presented on 1:500 maps.

 Expected results:

  • Three reports with the results of the visitor impact assessment (one for each site) will be produced.
  • Three maps illustrating the appropriate location for proposed visitor management concrete actions will be produced (one for each site –scale 1:500), i.e. provision of appropriate public parking areas, placing of rubbish bins and directional signs.

AKTI is in charge of this action.