9560* Mediterranean Endemic forests with Juniperus spp. (Annex I, Habitat Directive)


Relationship to EUNIS Habitat Classification G3.9 — Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae Taxaceae.

This priority habitat type consists of woods dominated by Juniperus spp. of the Mediterranean and Anatolian mountains; the more widespread arborescent matorral formations are not included; the most important types are:

  • Spanish juniper (Juniperus thurifera‑ dominated woodland, mainly distributed in the Iberian peninsula, but also found in Corsica and in supra Mediterranean slopes of the Alpine region (Pyrenees, south-western and western Alps). Spanish juniper woodland mainly occur in the northeastern quadrant of Spain, although relict pure woodlands are found as far as southern Albacete (Murcia). Spanish juniper usually forms a very open woodland, often with holm oak and Portuguese oak. Corsican Juniperus thurifera formations are open mountainous woodlands, sometimes mixed with Pinus laricio and restricted to a few valleys in the interior of Corsica with extreme temperature ranges (Pinnera, Rudda, Pruniccia);
  • Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badiadominated woodland, found on acid substrates in the foothills, plateau and river canyons of the northwestern quarter of the Iberian Peninsula (western part of the central Mountain range; plateau, mountains and canyons in the Duero river basin in the border between Spain and Portugal).
  • Associated species is Q. ilex ssp. ballotapure or mixed Phoenician juniper (Juniperus phoenicia)dominated woodland, found mainly in Spain (continental and dry coastal variants), Canarian islands, Aegean islands, Cyprus and west Turkey;
  • Macaronesian juniper wood (Juniperus cedrusJuniperus brevifolia‑ dominated woodland of Canarian island and Azores;
  • Grecian juniper (Juniperus excelsa‑ dominated woodland of northern Greece mountains, Cyprus (Troodos range) and Anatolia;
  • Stinking juniper (Juniperus foetidissima) - dominated woodland of the Balkan peninsula, Cyprus, Anatolia;
  • Syrian juniper (Juniperus drupacea‑ dominated woodland of Greece and Asia Minor.