Concrete conservation actions


 

12132

Action C.1: On site habitat demarcation and fencing

 

OCTOBER 2012 – NOVEMBER 2012

  • Field visits at Troodos NFP took place to identify the areas where fencing and demarcation are needed to protect the targeted habitat from trampling and off-road driving. Three locations were provisionally selected. For Madari, it was concluded that no fencing is needed since Juniperus excelsa stands are found on inaccessible slopes.

JANUARY 2013

  • Fencing and demarcation materials were purchased. The locations where fencing will take place have been determined and the relevant public procurements are being prepared by DF.

MAY – JUNE 2013

  • Fencing work at three specified locations (Smygies, Agios Kononas, Fontana Amorosa) at the Akamas peninsula is proceeding as planned.

JULY 2013

  • Fencing work has finished as planned at two identified locations (Smygies, Agios Kononas) at Akamas peninsula. The 3rd one at Fontana Amorosa is expected to finish by the end of August.

AUGUST 2013

  • Fencing work is completed as planned at three locations at Akamas peninsula (Deliverable: fencing of selected parts of the targeted habitat at Akamas).

NOVEMBER 2013

  • Soft-fencing at Troodos NFP took place during the first two weeks of November and was completed before the end of the month (Deliverable: demarcation of selected parts of the targeted habitat through soft-fencing).

MARCH 2014

  • A visit to Troodos NFP took place on 19/3/2014. During the visit, the use of off-road recreational vehicles near the Chionistra area was evidently acknowledged, and the need for additional soft fencing was recognized.

JULY 2014

  • A visit to Troodos NFP took place on the 24th, in order to select appropriate sites for the extension of soft fencing.

SEPTEMBER 2014

  • The new fencing was constructed at the J. oxycedrus plantation at Kerami, covering a total length of 122 m. The fence protects the existing plantation, the area where the new reforestation will take place in the next two months, and parts of the rest of the habitat as well.

 

 

Action C.2: Minimising the impact of competitive vegetation

 

 

OCTOBER 2012

  • During a field visit at Troodos NFP the DF identified a location with competing vegetation within the distribution area of J. oxycedrus. The most intensively competing trees (Pinus brutia) and shrubs (Arbutus andrachne, Quercus alnifolia etc) were marked for removal.

NOVEMBER 2012

  • The marked competing vegetation (trees and shrubs) within the J. oxycedrus habitat at Troodos NFP was removed by DF’s personnel (images: C.2_A to C.2_E). Approximately 35 Pinus brutia trees and 85 shrubs (Arbutus andrachne, Quercus alnifolia etc.) in total were removed or pruned.

JANUARY 2013

  • The identification of locations with competitive co-existing vegetation is concluded. Such locations were mainly found at Akamas, and less at Madari and the lower parts of Troodos

MARCH 2013

  • Report of specific guidelines for clearings of competitive vegetation for each location is complete (Deliverable: 1 Report).

APRIL 2013

  • The three maps with the locations where competition by co-existing vegetation is very intensive, one for each area of interest (Akamas, Troodos and Madari) were prepared (Deliverable: 3 maps). All deliverables of the Action completed.

MARCH 2014

  • A visit to Akamas area took place during 6 and 7 March. Trees and shrubs were marked for pruning/removal in the forthcoming months in two polygons with intensive competitive vegetation.

SEPTEMBER 2014

  • Visits to Chionistra, Makria Kontarka, Kerami and Madari areas took place on 13th and 18th of September. A total of 5 polygons where competitive vegetation is intensive were inspected, in order to mark trees and shrubs for pruning/removal. At Kerami, the area where the reforestation will take place will be treated as well.
  • The treatments were completed at Chionistra and Makria Kontarka, whereas the treatments at Madari, Kerami, and Akamas will be completed by the end of October.

OCTOBER 2014

  • Removal of competing vegetation was carried out at Madari and is in progress at Kerami (Troodos NFP). At Akamas area treatments will take place during the first two weeks of November.

NOVEMBER 2014

  • Removal of competing vegetation was carried out at two habitat polygons of the Akamas peninsula, covering an area of 0,92 ha.

 

 

Action C.3: Fire prevention

 

MARCH 2012

  • The locations of the two 90 ton water tanks to be constructed at Akamas area were selected.

JUNE 2012 - JULY 2012

  • DF’s Public Procurement Section launched an open public tender for the construction of one 90-ton water tank at Lara Akamas and the granted contract was set at €18.990

OCTOBER 2012

  • During the DF’s field visit at Troodos a fire-break neighboring to J. oxycedrus stand was identified for maintenance (clearing of vegetation) next year.

NOVEMBER 2012

  • The construction of the first 90-ton water tank at Lara, Akamas was completed ahead of schedule (Deliverable: water tank system at Akamas 1 of 2). DF has prepared and launched a call for tenders for the construction of the second water tank. The contract was signed on 16/11/2012 with a total budget of €18.499 (excluding VAT) and construction work has already begun.

DECEMBER 2012

  • The construction of the second 90-ton water tank at Smygies, Akamas was completed ahead of schedule (Deliverable: water tank system at Akamas 2 of 2).

OCTOBER 2013

  • Fire breaks maintenance around target habitat has now been completed. Three maps identifying the locations for construction of fire breaks and installation of information signs and advanced water tank systems for fire prevention measures have been completed (DELIVERABLE: 3 maps, one for each site).

FEBRUARY 2013

  • The information signs prohibiting the lighting of fires have been prepared.

MARCH 2014

  • Visits at all project sites took place, in order to mark the specific locations where the information signs prohibiting the lighting of fire will be installed.

APRIL 2014

  • 3 out of 10 of the information signs prohibiting the lighting of fire were installed (2 at Madari site and 1 at Troodos).

MAY 2014

  • The remaining 3 information signs prohibiting the lighting of fire were installed at Troodos (total of 4 signs). The installation of the remaining 4 signs at Akamas will take place during June.

JUNE – NOVEMBER 2014

  • Forest patrols for fire protection initiated for the summer period and are carried out at the locations where the habitat occurs.

JUNE 2014

  • Maintenance of fire breaks in Troodos NFP and Madari area was conducted by the removal of vegetation.

JULY 2014

  • The installation of the remaining 4 signs prohibiting the lighting of fire at Akamas has been completed. The action is formally concluded. (Deliverables: Installation of 10 information signs prohibiting the lighting of fires).

MAY 2015

  • Forest patrols for fire protection were carried out at the locations where the habitat occurs.

JUNE 2015

  • Forest patrols for fire protection were carried out at the locations were the habitat occurs.
  • Maintenance of fire breaks in Troodos N.F.P, Akamas and Madari took place during the second fortnight of June.

 

Action C.4: Enhancement of Juniper regeneration

 

NOVEMBER 2012

  • DF’s personnel planted 85 saplings of J. foetidissima and 115 seedlings of the habitat’s characteristic shrubs (Sorbus graeca, Berberis cretica, Rosa micrantha subsp. chionistrae, Cotoneaster nummularius) within the designated location at Troodos NFP, in planting pits that had been excavated in October.
  • Additionally, 88 J. oxycedrus saplings were planted for regeneration enhancement in Troodos NFP.

DECEMBER 2012

  • DF’s personnel planted approximately 400 saplings of Juniperus phoenicea near Smygies at the Akamas peninsula, an area with Juniperus phoenicea habitat (shrubby form) that was burned during a forest fire this summer. Other keystone habitat species such as Pistacia lentiscus and Ceratonia siliqua are expected to coppice next year.

JANUARY 2013

  • The seed/fruit predator insect has been identified and a 2nd report from the entomologists has been prepared.

APRIL 2013

  • Micro-fencing materials have been acquired and a selection has been made regarding the locations where the artificial covers will be established.

JUNE – NOVEMBER 2013

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniper seedlings is being carried out and will continue for the whole summer period at Akamas and two sites at Troodos.

DECEMBER 2013

  • Collection of seeds that will be used for Juniper regeneration.

FEBRUARY 2014

  • A visit to Troodos NFP took place on 26/2/2014 in order to review the appropriate locations for small-scale relief modifications.
  • At the same visit, at two polygons of the habitat, invasive species (Robinia pseudoacacia) were marked to be removed later on.

MARCH 2014

  • A visit to Madari site took place on 19/3/2014, to inspect the area where reforestation will take place during next autumn. The habitat type was present in this area until the 90’s when unfortunately the site was burned.

MAY 2014

  • On Friday 16th a meeting was held with the participation of all project partners and the entomologists team. The entomologist presented the findings regarding the effect of insects on Juniperus foetidissima fruits at Troodos.

JUNE 2014

  • Removal of dried flammable biomass took place in Troodos NFP and Madari site.

JULY 2014

  • Removal of dried flammable biomass took place at the Juniperus phoenicea reforestations in Akamas area.
  • During the visit on the 24th, the conclusive number of seedlings remaining to be planted at Madari and Troodos NFP in order to reach the goals of this action were reviewed. The nursery at Platania forest station at Troodos was visited for this purpose and on site discussion took place at the J. oxycedrus plantation and Madari (to be planted with J. excelsa).
  • Fruits of Juniperus phoenicea were collected from Akamas area in order to be processed and stored in the seed bank.

JUNE - SEPTEMBER 2014

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniperus seedlings took place at the reforestation areas of the Troodos NFP and the Akamas peninsula.

AUGUST 2014

  • The site where eradication of alien species (Robinia pseudoacacia) was carried out was visited by a forest officer, who confirmed the success rates of the intervention.

SEPTEMBER 2014

  • The opening of the planting pits for Madari reforestation was completed and the pits were enriched with additional soil which was transported to the site.
  • During the visit of 18/9 at Troodos NFP, two areas for reforestation at Chionistra and Kerami respectively were selected. The reforestations will take place during the next two months.
  • Project notice boards regarding the reforestations were constructed, and transported to the respective forest stations for installation.

OCTOBER 2014

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniperus seedlings took place at the reforestation areas of the Troodos NFP, Madari, and the Akamas peninsula.
  • Madari reforestation was completed. A total of 420 seedlings were planted, of which: 315 Juniperus exelsa and 105 Quercus alnifolia individuals. The corresponding LIFE project sign regarding the reforestation was installed as well.
  • The reforestation at Chionistra was completed. A total of 100 seedlings were planted, of which: 50 Juniperus foetidissima, 20 Sorbus graeca, 20 Rosa chionistrae and 10 Berberis cretica individuals.
  • The reforestation at Makria Kontarka was further expanded by additional planting of another 200 seedlings of which: 150 Juniperus foetidissima, 20 Berberis cretica, 20 Rosa chionistrae, and 10 Sorbus graeca individuals (Images 1-2).
  • The reforestation at Kerami was further expanded by additional planting of another 350 seedlings of which: 250 Juniperus oxycedrus, 50 Arbutus andracne and 50 Rosa canina plants.
  • Project notice boards regarding the reforestations were installed at Akamas area.
  • Fruits from Juniperus foetidissima and Juniperus oxycedrus trees were collected, in order to acquire seeds for the seed bank in the Botanical Garden of Troodos.

NOVEMBER 2014

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniperus seedlings took place at the reforestation area at Chionistra during the first fortnight of November.
  • Fruits from all Juniper species were collected, and are currently being processed/cleaned in order to extract viable seeds for storage in the seed bank in the Botanical Garden of Troodos.

December 2014

  • The installation of project notice boards regarding the reforestations was successfully completed at Troodos NFP.
  • Fruits from all Juniper specieswere cleaned in order to extract viable seeds. The seeds will be transferred to the seed bank at the Botanical Garden of Troodos for further processing. Thus, 12 seed lots will be eventually stored in the seed bank no later than 01/06/2015.

MARCH 2015

  • A visit took place at Madari on March 30th in order to inspect the reforestation, and to measure the length of the required shading net that will be installed during May. It is estimated that around 74 individuals will be benefited from the intervention.

APRIL 2015

  • The materials for the construction of shading nets at Madari reforestation are to be delivered to DF by the end of the month. The nets are to be constructed within the first fortnight of May.
  • Clearings of annual herbaceous vegetation took place nearby the young junipers at the reforestation of Juniperus phoenicea at Smygies, in order to protect against wildfires.

MAY 2015

  • Around 200 running meters of shading net was installed at Madari reforestation on May 14th. The net will provide protection to 76 saplings from extreme exposure to solar radiation.
  • 30 J. phoenicea individuals were selected to be protected against grazing through micro-fencing at Akamas. The intervention was completed by May 20th; 19 micro-fences were created enclosing individual trees or clusters of 2 to 4 trees. Small labels with the logos of the project, of Natura2000 and the LIFE programme were placed on the micro-fences.

JUNE 2015

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniperus saplings was carried out at the reforestation areas of the Troodos NFP, Madari area and the Akamas peninsula.

 

 

Action C.5: Improving the floristic composition of the habitat

 

 

MAY 2012

  • Identification of the locations that restoration will take place and of the methodological approach to be followed at each location.
  • a site at Makria Kontaria (Troodos NFP) was selected for reforestation of J. foetidissima during November 2012. The site is covered by scattered J. foetidissima and no other protected species or habitats are present there.

NOVEMBER 2012

  • Planting of 115 seedlings of characteristic shrubs in Troodos NFP for the enhancement of regeneration of J. foetidissima.

DECEMBER 2012

  • Planting of 400 saplings of Juniperus phoenicea at Akamas for the enhancement of the habitat’s regeneration (Action C.4).

FEBRUARY 2013

  • A location neighbouring the newly identified habitat area at Akamas was selected for planting Juniperus saplings so as to expand the existing habitat (small scale reforestation).

NOVEMBER 2013

  • Planting of about 500 new Juniperus phoenicea plantlets and other typical plants of the habitat type was completed during this month at Agios Kononas locality, Akamas.

FEBRUARY 2014

  • The report on the locations that restoration will take place and of the methodology/approach to be followed at each location has been prepared.

MARCH 2014

  • A visit to Madari site took place on 19/3/2014, to inspect the area where reforestation will take place during next autumn. The habitat type was present in this area until the 90’s when unfortunately the site was burned.

MAY 2014

  • Removal of Robinia pseudoacacia individuals at Troodos NFP for the restoration of 9560* with J. foetidissima.

JUNE 2014

  • A visit to the area where eradication of invasive species (Robinia pseudoacacia) was carried out last month confirmed the success of the intervention. The intervention will have to be repeated next year in order to eradicate any persisting individuals.

JULY 2014

  • During a visit, the conclusive number of seedlings remaining to be planted at Madari and Troodos NFP in order to reach the goals of this action were reviewed. The nursery at Platania forest station at Troodos was visited for this purpose.

AUGUST 2014

  • The opening of the planting pits for the reforestation at Madari was initiated and is to be completed in September 2014. Planting will take place in late October or early November.

SEPTEMBER 2014

  • The opening of the planting pits for Madari reforestation was completed and the pits were enriched with additional soil which was transported to the site.
  • During the visit of 18/9 at Troodos, two areas for reforestations at Chionistra and Kerami respectively were selected. The reforestations will take place during the next two months.
  • Project notice boards regarding the reforestations were constructed, and transported to the respective forest stations for installation.

OCTOBER 2014

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniperus seedlings took place at the reforestation areas of the Troodos NFP, Madari, and the Akamas peninsula.
  • Madari reforestation was completed. A total of 420 seedlings were planted, of which: 315 Juniperus exelsa and 105 Quercus alnifolia individuals. The corresponding LIFE project sign regarding the reforestation was installed as well.
  • The reforestation at Chionistra was completed. A total of 100 seedlings were planted, of which: 50 Juniperus foetidissima, 20 Sorbus graeca, 20 Rosa chionistrae and 10 Berberis cretica individuals.
  • The reforestation at Makria Kontarka was further expanded by additional planting of another 200 seedlings of which: 150 Juniperus foetidissima, 20 Berberis cretica, 20 Rosa chionistrae, and 10 Sorbus graeca individuals.
  • The reforestation at Kerami was further expanded by additional planting of another 350 seedlings of which: 250 Juniperus oxycedrus, 50 Arbutus andracne and 50 Rosa canina plants.
  • Project notice boards regarding the reforestations were installed at Akamas area.
  • Fruits from Juniperus foetidissima and Juniperus oxycedrus trees were collected, in order to acquire seeds for the seed bank in the Botanical Garden of Troodos. More fruits from the rest of the Juniper spp. will be collected during November.

NOVEMBER 2014

  • Watering and tending of planted Juniperus seedlings took place at the reforestation area at Chionistra during the first fortnight of November.
  • Fruits from all Juniper species were collected, and are currently being processed/cleaned in order to extract viable seeds for storage in the seed bank in the Botanical Garden of Troodos.

DECEMBER 2014

  • The installation of project notice boards regarding the reforestations was successfully completed at Troodos NFP.
  • Fruits from all Juniper specieswere cleaned in order to extract viable seeds. The seeds will be transferred to the seed bank at the Botanical Garden of Troodos for further processing. Thus, 12 seed lots will be eventually stored in the seed bank no later than 01/06/2015.

MARCH 2015

  • The area where the eradication of invasive species (Robinia pseudoacacia) was carried out last year was visited on March 30th, so as to check the survival status of the species. The intervention will be repeated in order to eradicate any possible survivors.

APRIL 2015

  • The required consumables were acquired during the second fortnight of April in order to carry out the removal of invasive/alien species.

MAY 2015

  • Eradication of invasive/alien species (Robinia pseudacacia trees) took place on May 8th and May 13th at two J. foetidissima habitat polygons. The success rate of last year’s treatments was estimated around 90%.

 


 

Action C.6: Visitor management

 

NOVEMBER 2012

  • Initial selection of appropriate sites to place barriers and direction signs for managing visitor accessibility and traffic volume in Troodos NFP.

MARCH 2013 - MAY 2013

  • On-going activities for the installation of restriction barriers (Deliverable: Installation of restriction barriers due 30/06/2014), rubbish bins and direction signs within the boundaries of targeted sites.

JUNE 2013

  • 10 rubbish bins have been constructed and assigned to the respective Forest Divisions for placement at the designated locations (outlined by Action A.5). 6 more rubbish bins have been ordered and are under preparation. Stickers with LIFE+ and JUNIPERCY logos have been prepared to be placed on the rubbish bins.
  • Continuing work on the design of the direction signs.

AUGUST 2013

  • All rubbish-bins have been delivered to the respective Forest Divisions and their installation has begun.
  • Finalization of the tenders for the direction signs. Agreement has been reached about their placement (Deliverable: Installation of 20 direction signs).

SEPTEMBER 2013

  • The installation of rubbish-bins has been completed. 6 at Akamas, 4 at Madari-Papoutsa and 7 at Troodos (Deliverable: Installation of 40 rubbish bins).
  • The tender for the construction of the directional signs was awarded.

NOVEMBER 2013

  • The directional signs were installed at Akamas (n=4) and Madari (8) site.

JANUARY 2014

  • The directional signs for Troodos NFP were installed successfully (n=8) (Deliverable: Installation of 20 direction signs).
  • Installation of restriction barriers to prevent vehicle access at the J. foetidissima plantation.

FEBRUARY - MARCH 2014

  • Repeated visits to Troodos NFP in order to review the locations that the remaining restriction barriers will be installed, due to new findings regarding widespread off-road vehicle use at Chionistra area.

JULY 2014

  • The restriction barriers were successfully installed at Akamas area (2 km north from Lara bay).
  • Along with the barriers, 4 project notice boards were sent to Akamas and Troodos NFP (1 and 3 respectively) in order to be installed in the vicinity of the barriers, as recommended by the E.C (Mrs. Anne Burrill).

AUGUST 2014

  • One project notice board regarding the restriction barriers was installed at Akamas. The signs are labelled with the LIFE and Natura 2000 logos and highlight the role of the restriction barriers installed.

SEPTEMBER 2014

  • An extension of the installation of restriction barriers took place at Chionistra area.  
  • The project notice board regarding the restriction barriers was installed at Chionistra area.

DECEMBER 2014

  • The project notice board regarding the restriction barriers for Makria Kontarka was installed successfully.
  • A visit to Chionistra area took place on the 1st of the month. The problem with off road vehicle driving inside the forest stands has been intensified, and several other “entry points” were noticed. The phenomenon is especially manifested after snowfall, when numerous visitors reach the area for recreation purposes. Due to these new findings, the installation of the remaining restriction barriers (85 pcs.) will target this specific area of Troodos NFP in order to support the intervention. However, it is estimated that around 100 additional restriction barriers will be needed so as to cover all the “entry points” for the vehicles.

APRIL 2015

  • 120 restriction barriers were ordered so as to be installed at Chionistra site. The barriers will be constructed by DF during May, and are expected to be installed in June.

MAY 2015

  • 3 project noticeboards were constructed indicating the purpose of the barrier intervention (2 for Chionistra area and 1 for Akamas).

JUNE 2015

  • A mini digger was hired in order to dig the pits for the restriction barrier installation at Chionistra area, due to the rocky ground composition. The barriers were installed, and the intervention has been completed.  

 

 

Action C.7: Ex situ conservation and propagation

 

 

MAY 2012

  • DF had a meeting with Electricity Authority for the supply of electricity for the building where the seed bank will be installed. A plan of the building was also prepared to support decision making about the spaces of the building to be used.

NOVEMBER 2012 - JUNE 2013

  • On-going Juniper fruit collection from Madari-Papoutsa (Juniperus excelsa) and Troodos (Juniperus foetidissima). Seed extraction from the fruits.
  • Saplings are produced for the needs of Action C.4 as well as for establishment at the Botanical Gardens of Troodos and Akamas (Deliverable: Production of 120 saplings, due 30/11/2013).

JULY 2013

  • DF undertook a market research to acquire the seed bank equipment (freezer, dehumidifier). FU will assist the process. The seed bank’s dimensions and interior design have been agreed among the partners.
  • A project partners’ visit to Amiantos asbestos mine on 30.07.2013 clarified the details to be considered, in order to finalize the location and technical specifications of the seed bank’s installation and construction.

SEPTEMBER 2013

  • The tender for the construction and installation of the seed bank was awarded and the work is expected to be completed by December 2013. 

OCTOBER 2013 – NOVEMBER 2014

  • Working on the preparation of the protocols for seed handling, storage and germination for all Juniper species. (deliverable due 20/12/14)

DECEMBER 2013

  • The establishment of the seed bank was completed by 20th of December; however the seed bank will be operational during 2014, depending on the conclusion of electrical installations.

FEBRUARY 2014

  • The DF and FU teams visited Madari site on 20/2/2014 for the collection of J. excelsa fruits. The fruits will be processed, in order to collect seeds which will be stored in the seed bank of the Troodos Botanical Garden, located at Amiantos.

MARCH 2014

  • The DF and FU teams visited Troodos on 21/3/2014 for the collection of J. foetidissima fruits. The fruits will be processed, in order to collect seeds which will be stored in the seed bank of the Troodos Botanical Garden, located at Amiantos.
  • A sign for the seedbank was prepared and has been installed at the building’s entrance.

JULY 2014

  • A visit to the seed bank at Amiandos took place on the 24th to evaluate the work underway for the installation of electrical power, in order for the seed bank to be fully operational.  

AUGUST 2104

  • The electrical works for the seed bank operation have completed.

SEPTEMBER 2014

  • The electrical installation obtained the final approval by the Electricity Authority, and the seed bank is operational.

NOVEMBER 2014

  • The tender for the purchase of a seed blower/cleaner for the seed bank was awarded, and the order of the equipment has been made.
  • Three blenders were acquired to be used for seed cleaning of fleshy fruits, as well as seed lot containers and consumables for the seed bank.

DECEMBER 2014

  • Additional germination experiments are implemented for all four species, in order to get better results. Due to the poor germination results so far, the experiments are extended and the deliverable “Protocols on seed storage, germination, growth and outplanting of Juniperus spp.” expected by 20/12/2014 will be ready in May 2015. The delay and the justification will be also reported in the Progress Report which will be sent to the European Commission in January 2015.   
  • The seed blower/cleaner was delivered to the Department of Forests on the 22nd of December. The equipment for the seed bank is now complete.

JANUARY 2015

  • Working on the preparation of the protocols of seed handling, storage and germination for all Juniper species. Additional germination experiments are implemented for all four species, in order to get better results.
  • The extracted seeds from all Juniper species (5 kg J. foetidissima, 3.35 kg J. oxycedrus, 3.35 kg J. excelsa, 3 kg J. phoenicea) were transferred to the seed bank for further processing.

MARCH 2015

  • The seed blower/cleaner was transferred to the seed bank of the Botanical Garden of Troodos and was assembled successfully.

MAY 2015

  • The first draft of the protocols of seed handling, storage and germination for all Juniper species is prepared. The final draft will be ready in June.

JUNE 2015

  • The protocols on seed handling, storage and germination for all Juniper species is prepared and will be submitted with the Final report. 
  • 20 seed-lots (10 Juniperus phoenicea, 4 Juniperus oxycedrus, 3 Juniperus foetidissima, 3 Juniperus excelsa) were successfully stored in the deep freeze chamber (-20 oC) for conservation purposes. The seed-lots are of varying sizes between 100 gr – 1000 gr, and are classified by location of seed collection.